Inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Though it typically starts in childhood, a diagnosis may not come until adolescence or maturity.
Children with ADHD may start to have problems in school, such as having trouble paying attention. As a result, parents and teachers must work together to help kids learn how to control their ADHD symptoms.
Children and teenagers with ADHD have specific needs in the classroom. Here are some strategies that parents and educators may use to assist students with ADHD to succeed in school.
Keep Expectations Consistent
The rules in the classroom should be simple and easy. They should be regularly checked and updated as necessary. The possibility that a child heard what was said but misunderstood what it meant should be considered by teachers.
An index card with the rules written on it could be handy for an ADHD child who needs to easily access it. A schedule that is easily accessible and frequently reviewed can help transitions for children who have trouble managing their time and “changing gears” from one task or lesson to the next.
Students with ADHD may benefit from being seated away from potential classroom disruptions, such as doorways, windows, cubby areas, and pencil sharpeners, due to their susceptibility to distractions. Try to keep the space as free of additional distractions as you can, such as loud music or eye-catching sights like clutter.
Some children with ADHD find that listening to “white noise” or relaxing background music helps them focus and concentrate better; however other children may find it distracting.
Provide Frequent Feedback
Feedback about a child’s behavior is beneficial for both children with and without ADHD. Any penalties for unwanted behaviors should be swiftly applied as necessary.
If someone behaves well, compliment them right away. It is best to ignore bad behavior if it is discrete and minimal.
Give Them a Break
Giving children with ADHD plenty of chances to stand up and move around can be really beneficial because they often struggle with sitting still for extended periods of time.
Give them a physical break by having them handout or collect papers or teaching materials; run errands to the office or another area of the school, or clean the board. The simplest of activities, like letting them get a drink of water from the water fountain, can give them something to do.
Don’t Overload Them
For a child with ADHD who is prone to feeling overwhelmed, breaking up the total workload into smaller chunks can be helpful. Teachers can prevent their students from becoming information-overloaded by giving them simple one- or two-step instructions.
Children with ADHD who have sleep problems may also behave differently and find it difficult to pay attention in class. If at all possible, schedule the class’s most challenging academic subjects and assignments for when they are alert and engaged.
Academic education, behavioral treatments, and classroom modifications are the three components of a successful school strategy for a kid with ADHD. While regularly using these techniques can have a profound impact on a child with ADHD, they will also enhance the environment of the entire classroom.
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